A burning sensation when urinating or a discharge from the urethra may be signs of a sexually transmitted disease. No one should be embarrassed about contracting a sexually transmitted disease. However, it is highly important to take action and have yourself examined so that therapy can be started as soon as possible.
The collective term of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is used to describe infections caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that are mainly transmitted through sexual contact. If such an infection then leads to a disease, it is called a sexually transmitted disease. With about a million new infections a day, sexually transmitted diseases are among the most important and wide-spread diseases worldwide.
The most common symptoms that indicate a sexually transmitted disease are a discharge from the urethra or vagina. In addition, there are burning and itching sensations in the urethra, a burning sensation when urinating, pain in the genital area and lower abdomen, swollen lymph nodes and painless or painful open lesions in the genital area. If left untreated, severe effects, complications and consequential damages may occur. The suspicion of a sexually transmitted disease requires laboratory diagnostics. Due to the large number of possible pathogens, there is no single and universal test. Depending on the situation, urine and/or blood tests will also be necessary. In principle, it is up to the attending physician to decide which test is necessary and advisable.
The treatment depends on the pathogen involved. Thus, bacterial infections (such as, e.g., gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia, or ureaplasm) can be treated with antibiotics. Diseases caused by viruses such as, e.g., HPV infections, can be treated with medication or surgery, i.e. the removal of condyloma (genital warts).